Artículo

Estamos trabajando para incorporar este artículo al repositorio
Consulte la política de Acceso Abierto del editor

Abstract:

It is analyzed the report made by Pablo Groeber a few months after the catastrophic collapse of the Carri Lauquén paleolake developed in 1914 in the Main Cordillera between Mendoza and Neuquén. He presented the topographic survey of the area occupied by the paleolake, analyzed the causes of its formation, and estimated the volume of water released during the disaster. This was the highest known flood of the Colorado River, reaching its waters through more than 1000 km to the Atlantic. Groeber discussed the reasons for its outburst and the sudden flood produced downstream. The results obtained are evaluated by specific works carried out in the region over the past one hundred years, and it is emphasized the validity of his conclusions on the genesis of the paleolake, the causes of its rupture, the volume of the flood produced and the processes involved. Supplementing Groeber’s observations on the headwaters of the Barrancas River, are discussed the disasters produced downstream by the outburst flood in the Colorado River valley. This allows recording the variations of the height of the flood peak, decreasing from 32 to 3 meters, and the slowdown of the speed from 20 to 11 km per hour from the natural dam collapse to almost its mouth in the Atlantic Ocean. The analysis confirms the validity of the reconstruction of the processes described by Groeber one hundred years ago, and once again highlights the capacity and knowledge of this young geologist recently arrived in Argentina in his first published work in our country. © 2017, Asociacion Geologica Argentina. All rights reserved.

Registro:

Documento: Artículo
Título:The colorado river flood of 1914: Groeber’s first geological contribution since his arrival in Argentina
Autor:Ramos, V.A.
Filiación:Laboratorio de Tectónica Andina del Instituto del Estudios Andinos Don Pablo Groeber (IDEAN UBA-CONICET), Departamento de Ciencias Geológicas, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales, Universidad de Buenos Aires, Argentina
Palabras clave:Catastrophic collapse; Colorado river; Main andes; Mendoza; Natural dam; Neuquén; Outburst flood; catastrophic event; dam; flood; flooding; headwater; natural disaster; topographic mapping; Andes; Argentina; Barrancas River; Colorado River [Argentina]; Mendoza; Neuquen
Año:2017
Volumen:74
Número:1
Página de inicio:9
Página de fin:18
Título revista:Revista de la Asociacion Geologica Argentina
Título revista abreviado:Rev. Asoc. Geol. Argent.
ISSN:00044822
Registro:http://digital.bl.fcen.uba.ar/collection/paper/document/paper_00044822_v74_n1_p9_Ramos

Referencias:

  • Coleman, A., (1949) Mi Vida De Ferroviario Inglés En La Argentina 1887-1948, p. 701. , Ed. Part., Bahía Blanca
  • Costa, C.H., González Díaz, E.F., Age constrains and paleoseismic implication of rock-avalanches in the Northern Patagonian Andes, Argentina (2007) Journal of South American Earth Sciences, 24, pp. 48-57
  • Costa, J.E., Schuster, R.L., The formation and failure of natural dam. Geological Society of America (1988) Bulletin, 100, pp. 1054-1068
  • Ermini, L., Casagli, N., Prediction of the behaviour of landslide dams using a geomorphological dimensionless index (2003) Earth Surface Processes and Landforms, 28, pp. 31-47
  • Evans, S.G., The maximum discharge of outburst floods caused by the breaching of man-made and natural dams (1986) Canadian Geotechnical Journal, 23, pp. 385-387
  • Evans, S.G., The formation and failure of landslide dams: An approach to risk assesment (2006) Italian Journal of Engineering Geology and Environment, 1, pp. 15-19
  • Evans, S.G., Delaney, K.B., Hermanns, R.L., Strom, A., Scarascia-Mugnozza, G., The formation and behavior of natural and artificial rockslide dams; Implications for engineering performance and hazard management (2011) Natural and Artificial Rockslide Dams, 133, pp. 1-75. , Evans, S.G., Hermanns, R.L., Scarascia Mugnozza, G. y Strom, A. (eds.), Springer Verlag, Chapter 1, Lecture notes in Earth Sciences
  • González Díaz, E.F., Giaccardi, A.D., Costa, C.H., La avalancha de rocas del río Barrancas (Cerro Pelán), norte del Neuquén: Su relación con la catástrofe del río Colorado (29/12/1914) (2001) Revista De La Asociación Geológica Argentina, 56 (4), pp. 466-480
  • Groeber, P., Informe sobre las causas que han producido las crecientes del río Colorado (Territorios del Neuquén y La Pampa) en 1914 (1916) Dirección General De Minas, Geología E Hidrología, Boletín 11, Serie B (Geología): 1-29, , Buenos Aires
  • Groeber, P., Toponimia Araucana. Sociedad Argentina de Estudios Geográficos (GAEA) (1926) Anales, 2 (1), p. 195. , Buenos Aires
  • Groeber, Confluencia de los ríos Grande y Barrancas (Mendoza y Neuquén) (1933) Dirección Nacional De Geología Y Minería, Boletín, 38, pp. 1-72. , Buenos Aires
  • Hermanns, R.L., González Díaz, E.F., Folguera, A., Mardones, M., (2003) Large Massive Rock Slope Failures, Landslide Dams, and Their Association with the Tectonic Setting in the Argentine and Chilean Andes between 36º and 38º S. 10º Congreso Geologico Chileno, p. 5. , Concepción
  • Hermanns, R.L., Naumann, R., Folguera, A., Pagenkopf, A., Sedimentologic analysis of deposits of an historic landslide dam failure in Barrancas valley causing a catastrophic 1914 Rio Colorado flood, northern Patagonia, Argentina (2004) Landslides: Evaluation and Stabilization, Balkema, 2, pp. 1439-1445. , Lacerda, W.A. Ehrlich, M. Fontoura y Sayao, A. (eds.)
  • Hermanns, R.L., Folguera, A., Penna, I.M., Fauqué, L., Landslide dams in the Argentine Andes, relation between dam and valley morphology, climate and long term stability (2011) Natural and Artificial Rockslide Dams, Springer Verlag, Chapter 5, Lecture Notes in Earth Sciences, 133, pp. 147-176. , Evans, S.G., Hermanns, R.L., Scarascia Mugnozza, G. y Strom, A
  • Hermitte, E., (1915) A S.E. El señor Ministro De Agricultura Dr. Horacio Calderón. Dirección General De Minas, , Geología e Hidrología, Boletín 11, Serie B (Geología): 3, Buenos Aires
  • Manville, V., Hodgson, K.A., Paleohydrology of volcanogenic lake break-out floods in the Taupo Volcanic Zone, New Zealand (2011) Natural and Artificial Rockslide Dams, Springer Verlag, Chapter 21, Lecture Notes in Earth Sciences, 133, pp. 519-541. , Evans, S.G., Hermanns, R.L., Scarascia Mu nozza, G. y Strom, A
  • Narciso, V., Santamaría, G., Zanettini, J.C., (2000) Hoja Geológica 3769-I, Barrancas. Escala 1: 250.000, , Servicio Geológico Minero Argentino, Buenos Aires
  • Penna, I.M., Hermanns, R.L., Folguera, A., Determinación del área inmediata afectada por el desagote de la Laguna Navarrete, provincia de Neuquén (36º30’S-71ºO) (2007) R Vista De La Asociación Geológica Argentina, 62 (3), pp. 460-466
  • Penna, I.M., Hermanns, R.L., Folguera, A., Remoción en masa y colapso catastró co de diques naturales generados en el frente orogénico andino (36º-38ºS): Los casos Navarrete y Río Barrancas (2008) Revista De La Asociación Geológica Argentina, 63 (2), pp. 172-180
  • Penna, I.M., Hermanns, R.L., Niedermann, S., Folguera, A., Multiple slope failures associated with neotectonic activity in the Southern Central Andes (37°-37°30’S), Patagonia, Argentina. Geological Society of America (2011) Bulletin, 123 (9-10), pp. 1880-1895
  • Penna, I.M., Hermanns, R.L., Paz González, M., Endicamientos naturales en las nacientes del arroyo Lileo (Provincia del Neuquén, Argentina) (2012) Revista De La Asociación Geológica Argentina, 69 (3), pp. 372-381
  • Penna, I.M., Derron, M.-H., Volpi, M., Jaboyedoff, M., Analysis of past and future dam formation and failure in the Santa Cruz River (San Juan province, Argentina) (2013) Geomorphology, 186, pp. 28-38
  • Penna, I.M., Hermanns, R.L., Daicz, S., Suriano, J., Tedesco, A.M., Effects of tectonic deformation and landslides in the erosion of a mountain plateau in the transitional zone between the central and Patagonian Andes (2015) American Journal of Science, 315, pp. 257-274
  • Rögind, W., Inundación del valle del río Clorado Camino afirmado de la Plata a Avel-a neda (1937) En Historia Del Ferrocarril Del Sur, Capítulo, 49, pp. 531-555. , Buenos Aires
  • Wayne, W.J., Alemanía rockfall dam: A re-cord of a mid-Holocene earthquake and catastrophic flood in northwestern Argentina (1999) Geomorphology, 27, pp. 295-306

Citas:

---------- APA ----------
(2017) . The colorado river flood of 1914: Groeber’s first geological contribution since his arrival in Argentina . Revista de la Asociacion Geologica Argentina, 74(1), 9-18.
Recuperado de http://digital.bl.fcen.uba.ar/collection/paper/document/paper_00044822_v74_n1_p9_Ramos [ ]
---------- CHICAGO ----------
Ramos, V.A. "The colorado river flood of 1914: Groeber’s first geological contribution since his arrival in Argentina " . Revista de la Asociacion Geologica Argentina 74, no. 1 (2017) : 9-18.
Recuperado de http://digital.bl.fcen.uba.ar/collection/paper/document/paper_00044822_v74_n1_p9_Ramos [ ]
---------- MLA ----------
Ramos, V.A. "The colorado river flood of 1914: Groeber’s first geological contribution since his arrival in Argentina " . Revista de la Asociacion Geologica Argentina, vol. 74, no. 1, 2017, pp. 9-18.
Recuperado de http://digital.bl.fcen.uba.ar/collection/paper/document/paper_00044822_v74_n1_p9_Ramos [ ]
---------- VANCOUVER ----------
Ramos, V.A. The colorado river flood of 1914: Groeber’s first geological contribution since his arrival in Argentina . Rev. Asoc. Geol. Argent. 2017;74(1):9-18.
Available from: http://digital.bl.fcen.uba.ar/collection/paper/document/paper_00044822_v74_n1_p9_Ramos [ ]