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Abstract:

Prosopis alba is a native forest tree growing in arid and semi-arid regions of Argentina. It is a multipurpose species suitable for silvopastoral systems. The breeding programmes of P. alba in Argentina started ~25 years ago. Although several important advances have been made, the number of experimental stands is small in comparison with other forest species. In this study genetic parameters in several traits of economic importance were evaluated, including tree form (number of stems), height, diameter and size increments in an experimental stand. These traits exhibit significant heritabilities. The trade-off between genetic gain and increase of average kinship in the selected group was considered. With an elite group of 20 trees, the average group kinship drops from 0.5 to 0.03. An important constraint to selecting multiple traits was that the improvement on height and diameter was associated with a reduction in the form of the trees. The strategy of using a selection index was evaluated giving variable weights to tree form, height and diameter. Although gain at individual trait levels is reduced in comparison with the potential maximum, index selection allows significant gains for all three traits and represents a suitable strategy to improve P. alba stands in order to establish clonal seed orchards. © Institute of Chartered Foresters, 2016. All rights reserved.

Registro:

Documento: Artículo
Título:Developing a breeding strategy for multiple trait selection in Prosopis alba Griseb., a native forest species of the Chaco Region in Argentina
Autor:Carreras, R.; Bessega, C.; López, C.R.; Saidman, B.O.; Vilardi, J.C.
Filiación:Departamento de Ecología GenCrossed D Signtica y Evolución, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales, Universidad de Buenos Aires - IEGEBA (CONICET), Intendente Güiraldes 2160 (C1428EGA), Buenos Aires, Argentina
Instituto de Silvicultura y Manejo de Bosques, Facultad de Ciencias Forestales, Universidad Nacional de Santiago Del Estero, Avenida Belgrano Sur 1912 (G4200ABT), Santiago-del-Estero, Argentina
Palabras clave:agroforestry; clonal organism; diameter; experimental study; growth; height; native species; orchard; pasture; plant breeding; silviculture; size; tree; Argentina; Chaco [Argentina]; Prosopis alba
Año:2017
Volumen:90
Número:2
Página de inicio:199
Página de fin:210
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/forestry/cpw032
Título revista:Forestry
Título revista abreviado:Forestry
ISSN:0015752X
CODEN:FRSTA
Registro:http://digital.bl.fcen.uba.ar/collection/paper/document/paper_0015752X_v90_n2_p199_Carreras

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Citas:

---------- APA ----------
Carreras, R., Bessega, C., López, C.R., Saidman, B.O. & Vilardi, J.C. (2017) . Developing a breeding strategy for multiple trait selection in Prosopis alba Griseb., a native forest species of the Chaco Region in Argentina. Forestry, 90(2), 199-210.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/forestry/cpw032
---------- CHICAGO ----------
Carreras, R., Bessega, C., López, C.R., Saidman, B.O., Vilardi, J.C. "Developing a breeding strategy for multiple trait selection in Prosopis alba Griseb., a native forest species of the Chaco Region in Argentina" . Forestry 90, no. 2 (2017) : 199-210.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/forestry/cpw032
---------- MLA ----------
Carreras, R., Bessega, C., López, C.R., Saidman, B.O., Vilardi, J.C. "Developing a breeding strategy for multiple trait selection in Prosopis alba Griseb., a native forest species of the Chaco Region in Argentina" . Forestry, vol. 90, no. 2, 2017, pp. 199-210.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/forestry/cpw032
---------- VANCOUVER ----------
Carreras, R., Bessega, C., López, C.R., Saidman, B.O., Vilardi, J.C. Developing a breeding strategy for multiple trait selection in Prosopis alba Griseb., a native forest species of the Chaco Region in Argentina. Forestry. 2017;90(2):199-210.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/forestry/cpw032