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Abstract:

BACKGROUND: The present study combines morphological and anatomical studies, cell wall chemical composition analysis, as well as assessment of the nutritional value of Guadua chacoensis foliage leaves. RESULTS: Foliage leaves of G. chacoensis are a promising source of forage because: (a) as a native woody bamboo, it is adapted to and helps maintain environmental conditions in America; (b) leaf anatomical studies exhibit discontinuous sclerenchyma, scarcely developed, while pilose indumentum, silica cells, prickles and hooks are also scarce; (c) it has a high protein content, similar to that of Medicago sativa, while other nutritional parameters are similar to those of common forages; and (d) glucuronoarabinoxylan, the major extracted polysaccharide, has one-third of the 4-linked β-d-xylopyranosyl units of the backbone substituted mainly with α-l-arabinofuranose as single stubs or non-reducing end of short chains, but also 5-linked α-l-arabinofuranose units, terminal β-d-xylopyranose and d-galactopyranose units, as well as α-d-glucuronic acid residues and small amounts of its 4-O-methylated derivative. CONCLUSION: These results constitute the first report on this species, and as culms are utilized in constructions and crafts, the remaining leaves, when used as forage, constitute a byproduct that allows an additional income opportunity. © 2016 Society of Chemical Industry. © 2016 Society of Chemical Industry

Registro:

Documento: Artículo
Título:Anatomy, nutritional value and cell wall chemical analysis of foliage leaves of Guadua chacoensis (Poaceae, Bambusoideae, Bambuseae), a promising source of forage
Autor:Panizzo, C.C.; Fernández, P.V.; Colombatto, D.; Ciancia, M.; Vega, A.S.
Filiación:Cátedra de Botánica General, Departamento de Rcursos Naturales y Ambiente, Facultad de Agronomía, Universidad de Buenos Aires, Buenos Aires, Argentina
Cátedra de Química de Biomoléculas, Departamento de Biología Aplicada y Alimentos, Facultad de Agronomía, Universidad de Buenos Aires, Buenos Aires, Argentina
CIHIDECAR-CONICET, Departamento de Química Orgánica, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales, Universidad de Buenos Aires, Ciudad Universitaria, Pabellón 2, Buenos Aires, 1428, Argentina
Cátedra de Bovinos de Carne, Departamento de Producción Animal, Facultad de Agronomía, Universidad de Buenos Aires, Buenos Aires, Argentina
Palabras clave:cell wall polysaccharide; forage; Guadua chacoensis; leaf digestibility; nutritional value; woody bamboo; arabinofuranose; arabinose; carbohydrate diet; galactose; glucuronic acid; glucuronoarabinoxylan; plant protein; protein intake; xylan; xylopyranose; xylose; analogs and derivatives; analysis; anatomy and histology; animal; animal food; carbohydrate diet; cell wall; chemistry; diet; dietary fiber; environmental protection; nutritional value; plant cell; plant leaf; Poaceae; protein intake; ruminant; veterinary; Western Hemisphere; wood; Americas; Animal Feed; Animals; Arabinose; Cell Wall; Conservation of Natural Resources; Diet; Dietary Carbohydrates; Dietary Fiber; Dietary Proteins; Galactose; Glucuronic Acid; Nutritive Value; Plant Cells; Plant Leaves; Plant Proteins; Poaceae; Ruminants; Wood; Xylans; Xylose
Año:2017
Volumen:97
Número:4
Página de inicio:1349
Página de fin:1358
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jsfa.7873
Título revista:Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
Título revista abreviado:J. Sci. Food Agric.
ISSN:00225142
CODEN:JSFAA
CAS:arabinose, 147-81-9; galactose, 26566-61-0, 50855-33-9, 59-23-4; glucuronic acid, 36116-79-7, 576-37-4, 6556-12-3; xylan, 9014-63-5; xylose, 25990-60-7, 58-86-6; arabinofuranose; Arabinose; Dietary Carbohydrates; Dietary Proteins; Galactose; Glucuronic Acid; glucuronoarabinoxylan; Plant Proteins; Xylans; xylopyranose; Xylose
Registro:http://digital.bl.fcen.uba.ar/collection/paper/document/paper_00225142_v97_n4_p1349_Panizzo

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Citas:

---------- APA ----------
Panizzo, C.C., Fernández, P.V., Colombatto, D., Ciancia, M. & Vega, A.S. (2017) . Anatomy, nutritional value and cell wall chemical analysis of foliage leaves of Guadua chacoensis (Poaceae, Bambusoideae, Bambuseae), a promising source of forage. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture, 97(4), 1349-1358.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jsfa.7873
---------- CHICAGO ----------
Panizzo, C.C., Fernández, P.V., Colombatto, D., Ciancia, M., Vega, A.S. "Anatomy, nutritional value and cell wall chemical analysis of foliage leaves of Guadua chacoensis (Poaceae, Bambusoideae, Bambuseae), a promising source of forage" . Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture 97, no. 4 (2017) : 1349-1358.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jsfa.7873
---------- MLA ----------
Panizzo, C.C., Fernández, P.V., Colombatto, D., Ciancia, M., Vega, A.S. "Anatomy, nutritional value and cell wall chemical analysis of foliage leaves of Guadua chacoensis (Poaceae, Bambusoideae, Bambuseae), a promising source of forage" . Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture, vol. 97, no. 4, 2017, pp. 1349-1358.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jsfa.7873
---------- VANCOUVER ----------
Panizzo, C.C., Fernández, P.V., Colombatto, D., Ciancia, M., Vega, A.S. Anatomy, nutritional value and cell wall chemical analysis of foliage leaves of Guadua chacoensis (Poaceae, Bambusoideae, Bambuseae), a promising source of forage. J. Sci. Food Agric. 2017;97(4):1349-1358.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jsfa.7873