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Abstract:

Alternaria spp. have been reported to be the most frequent phytopathogenic fungi invading tomatoes. Certain species are capable of producing several mycotoxins in infected plants and in agricultural commodities. AAL toxins are produced by Alternaria arborescens, which is the causal agent of tomato stem canker, and one of the species involved in the tomato black mold. AAL toxins include five congeners, TA, TB, TC, TD and TE, structurally similar. The objective of this study was to determine the effect of water activity (aw, 0.995, and 0.950) and temperature (6, 15, 20, 25 and 30 °C) on simultaneous AAL toxins production by Alternaria arborescens. The maximum accumulation of AAL toxins occurred at 0.995 aw after 40 days of incubation at 30 °C. None of the toxins was detected at temperatures below 30 °C at any aw during the whole incubation period. The results obtained here could be extrapolated to evaluate the risk of toxin accumulation in tomato fruit and tomato products. © 2017, Koninklijke Nederlandse Planteziektenkundige Vereniging.

Registro:

Documento: Artículo
Título:Temperature and water activity influence on simultaneous production of AAL toxins by Alternaria arborescens on tomato medium
Autor:Vaquera, S.; Patriarca, A.; Cabrera, G.; Fernández Pinto, V.
Filiación:Departamento de Química Orgánica, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales, Universidad de Buenos Aires, Intendente Güiraldes 2160, Pabellón II, 3 Piso, Ciudad Universitaria, Buenos Aires, C1428EGA, Argentina
Palabras clave:AAL toxins; Alternaria arborescens; Temperature; Tomato; Water activity; fruit; fungal disease; fungus; pathogen; pathogenicity; temperature effect; toxin; Alternaria; Alternaria arborescens; Fungi; Lycopersicon esculentum
Año:2017
Volumen:148
Número:4
Página de inicio:1003
Página de fin:1009
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10658-017-1151-7
Título revista:European Journal of Plant Pathology
Título revista abreviado:Eur. J. Plant Pathol.
ISSN:09291873
CODEN:EPLPE
Registro:http://digital.bl.fcen.uba.ar/collection/paper/document/paper_09291873_v148_n4_p1003_Vaquera

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Citas:

---------- APA ----------
Vaquera, S., Patriarca, A., Cabrera, G. & Fernández Pinto, V. (2017) . Temperature and water activity influence on simultaneous production of AAL toxins by Alternaria arborescens on tomato medium. European Journal of Plant Pathology, 148(4), 1003-1009.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10658-017-1151-7
---------- CHICAGO ----------
Vaquera, S., Patriarca, A., Cabrera, G., Fernández Pinto, V. "Temperature and water activity influence on simultaneous production of AAL toxins by Alternaria arborescens on tomato medium" . European Journal of Plant Pathology 148, no. 4 (2017) : 1003-1009.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10658-017-1151-7
---------- MLA ----------
Vaquera, S., Patriarca, A., Cabrera, G., Fernández Pinto, V. "Temperature and water activity influence on simultaneous production of AAL toxins by Alternaria arborescens on tomato medium" . European Journal of Plant Pathology, vol. 148, no. 4, 2017, pp. 1003-1009.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10658-017-1151-7
---------- VANCOUVER ----------
Vaquera, S., Patriarca, A., Cabrera, G., Fernández Pinto, V. Temperature and water activity influence on simultaneous production of AAL toxins by Alternaria arborescens on tomato medium. Eur. J. Plant Pathol. 2017;148(4):1003-1009.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10658-017-1151-7