Larrosa, P.N.F.; Ojea, A.; Ojea, I.; Molina, V.A.; Zorrilla-Zubilete, M.A.; Delorenzi, A. "Retrieval under stress decreases the long-term expression of a human declarative memory via reconsolidation" (2017) Neurobiology of Learning and Memory. 142:135-145
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Acute stress impairs memory retrieval of several types of memories. An increase in glucocorticoids, several minutes after stressful events, is described as essential to the impairing retrieval-effects of stressors. Moreover, memory retrieval under stress can have long-term consequences. Through what process does the reactivated memory under stress, despite the disrupting retrieval effects, modify long-term memories? The reconsolidation hypothesis proposes that a previously consolidated memory reactivated by a reminder enters a vulnerability phase (labilization) during which it is transiently sensitive to modulation, followed by a re-stabilization phase. However, previous studies show that the expression of memories during reminder sessions is not a condition to trigger the reconsolidation process since unexpressed memories can be reactivated and labilized. Here we evaluate whether it is possible to reactivate-labilize a memory under the impairing-effects of a mild stressor. We used a paradigm of human declarative memory whose reminder structure allows us to differentiate between a reactivated-labile memory state and a reactivated but non-labile state. Subjects memorized a list of five cue-syllables associated with their respective response-syllables. Seventy-two hours later, results showed that the retrieval of the paired-associate memory was impaired when tested 20 min after a mild stressor (cold pressor stress (CPS)) administration, coincident with cortisol levels increase. Then, we investigated the long-term effects of CPS administration prior to the reminder session. Under conditions where the reminder initiates the reconsolidation process, CPS impaired the long-term memory expression tested 24 h later. In contrast, CPS did not show effects when administered before a reminder session that does not trigger reconsolidation. Results showed that memory reactivation-labilization occurs even when retrieval was impaired. Memory reactivation under stress could hinder -via reconsolidation- the probability of the traces to be expressed in the long term. © 2017 Elsevier Inc.


Documento: Artículo
Título:Retrieval under stress decreases the long-term expression of a human declarative memory via reconsolidation
Autor:Larrosa, P.N.F.; Ojea, A.; Ojea, I.; Molina, V.A.; Zorrilla-Zubilete, M.A.; Delorenzi, A.
Filiación:Laboratorio de Neurobiología de la Memoria, Departamento de Fisiología y Biología Molecular y Celular, IFIByNE-CONICET, Pabellón II, FCEyN, Universidad de Buenos Aires, Ciudad Universitaria C1428EHA, Argentina
Departamento de Matemática, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales, Universidad de Buenos Aires - Inst. de Investigaciones Matemáticas “Luis A. Santalo ́”, CONICET-UBA, Argentina
Departamento de Farmacología, Facultad de Ciencias Químicas, IFEC-CONICET-Universidad Nacional de Córdoba, Ciudad Universitaria, Córdoba, Argentina
Centro de Estudios Farmacológicos y Botánicos (CEFYBO - CONICET), Departamento de Farmacología, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de Buenos Aires, Argentina
Palabras clave:Memory; Memory expression; Reactivation; Reconsolidation; Retrieval; hydrocortisone; hydrocortisone; adult; adverse outcome; Article; associative memory; brain depth stimulation; cold pressor test; cold stress; controlled study; declarative memory; female; human; long term memory; major clinical study; male; memory consolidation; memory disorder; mental capacity; mental performance; mental stress; mental task; neuroanatomy; probability; recall; association; associative learning; blood pressure; chemistry; cold; memory consolidation; neuropsychological test; physiological stress; physiology; recall; saliva; Association Learning; Blood Pressure; Cold Temperature; Cues; Female; Humans; Hydrocortisone; Male; Memory Consolidation; Mental Recall; Neuropsychological Tests; Saliva; Stress, Physiological
Página de inicio:135
Página de fin:145
Título revista:Neurobiology of Learning and Memory
Título revista abreviado:Neurobiol. Learn. Mem.
CAS:hydrocortisone, 50-23-7; Hydrocortisone


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---------- APA ----------
Larrosa, P.N.F., Ojea, A., Ojea, I., Molina, V.A., Zorrilla-Zubilete, M.A. & Delorenzi, A. (2017) . Retrieval under stress decreases the long-term expression of a human declarative memory via reconsolidation. Neurobiology of Learning and Memory, 142, 135-145.
---------- CHICAGO ----------
Larrosa, P.N.F., Ojea, A., Ojea, I., Molina, V.A., Zorrilla-Zubilete, M.A., Delorenzi, A. "Retrieval under stress decreases the long-term expression of a human declarative memory via reconsolidation" . Neurobiology of Learning and Memory 142 (2017) : 135-145.
---------- MLA ----------
Larrosa, P.N.F., Ojea, A., Ojea, I., Molina, V.A., Zorrilla-Zubilete, M.A., Delorenzi, A. "Retrieval under stress decreases the long-term expression of a human declarative memory via reconsolidation" . Neurobiology of Learning and Memory, vol. 142, 2017, pp. 135-145.
---------- VANCOUVER ----------
Larrosa, P.N.F., Ojea, A., Ojea, I., Molina, V.A., Zorrilla-Zubilete, M.A., Delorenzi, A. Retrieval under stress decreases the long-term expression of a human declarative memory via reconsolidation. Neurobiol. Learn. Mem. 2017;142:135-145.