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Abstract:

In a Biofloc Technology System (BFT), there is constant biofloc formation and suspended solids accumulation, leading to effects on water quality parameters that may affect the growth performance of cultured shrimp. This study aimed to analyse during biofloc formation the effect of different total suspended solids (TSS) levels on water quality and the growth performance of Litopenaeus vannamei shrimp in a BFT system. A 42-day trial was conducted with treatments of three ranges of TSS: 100–300 mg L−1 as low (TL), 300–600 as medium (TM) and 600–1000 as high (TH). The initial concentrations of 100 (TL), 300 (TM) and 600 mg L−1 (TH) were achieved by fertilization before starting the experiment. Litopenaeus vannamei juveniles with an average weight of 4.54 ± 1.19 g were stocked at a density of 372 shrimp m−3. Physical and chemical water parameters and shrimp growth performance were analysed. After 6 weeks, TSS mean concentrations were 306.37, 532.43 and 745.2 mg L−1 for, respectively, TL, TM and TH treatments. Significant differences (P < 0.05) were observed in TSS, settleable solids, pH, alkalinity and nitrite, especially between the TL and TH treatments. Similarly, differences (P < 0.05) were observed in the growth performance parameters, specifically final weight, survival, feed conversion and productivity. The water quality parameters at lower range of total suspended solids concentration (TL) treatment resulted in a better performance of L. vannamei in the BFT system. The maintenance at range of 100–300 mg L−1 TSS is thus important to the success of shrimp culture. © 2015 John Wiley & Sons Ltd

Registro:

Documento: Artículo
Título:Effect of different total suspended solids levels on a Litopenaeus vannamei (Boone, 1931) BFT culture system during biofloc formation
Autor:Gaona, C.A.P.; de Almeida, M.S.; Viau, V.; Poersch, L.H.; Wasielesky, W., Jr.
Filiación:Marine Station of Aquaculture, Institute of Oceanography, Federal University of Rio Grande, Rio Grande (RS), Brazil
Biology of Reproduction and Growth in Crustaceans, Department of Biodiversity and Experimental Biology, FCEyN, University of Buenos Aires, Ciudad Universitaria, Buenos Aires, Argentina
Palabras clave:biofloc; clarifier; Litopenaeus vannamei; suspended solids; artificial diet; biotechnology; body mass; concentration (composition); experimental culture; flocculation; growth response; prawn culture; survival; suspended load; water quality; Decapoda (Crustacea); Litopenaeus vannamei
Año:2017
Volumen:48
Número:3
Página de inicio:1070
Página de fin:1079
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/are.12949
Título revista:Aquaculture Research
Título revista abreviado:Aquac. Res.
ISSN:1355557X
CODEN:AQREF
Registro:http://digital.bl.fcen.uba.ar/collection/paper/document/paper_1355557X_v48_n3_p1070_Gaona

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Citas:

---------- APA ----------
Gaona, C.A.P., de Almeida, M.S., Viau, V., Poersch, L.H. & Wasielesky, W., Jr. (2017) . Effect of different total suspended solids levels on a Litopenaeus vannamei (Boone, 1931) BFT culture system during biofloc formation. Aquaculture Research, 48(3), 1070-1079.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/are.12949
---------- CHICAGO ----------
Gaona, C.A.P., de Almeida, M.S., Viau, V., Poersch, L.H., Wasielesky, W., Jr. "Effect of different total suspended solids levels on a Litopenaeus vannamei (Boone, 1931) BFT culture system during biofloc formation" . Aquaculture Research 48, no. 3 (2017) : 1070-1079.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/are.12949
---------- MLA ----------
Gaona, C.A.P., de Almeida, M.S., Viau, V., Poersch, L.H., Wasielesky, W., Jr. "Effect of different total suspended solids levels on a Litopenaeus vannamei (Boone, 1931) BFT culture system during biofloc formation" . Aquaculture Research, vol. 48, no. 3, 2017, pp. 1070-1079.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/are.12949
---------- VANCOUVER ----------
Gaona, C.A.P., de Almeida, M.S., Viau, V., Poersch, L.H., Wasielesky, W., Jr. Effect of different total suspended solids levels on a Litopenaeus vannamei (Boone, 1931) BFT culture system during biofloc formation. Aquac. Res. 2017;48(3):1070-1079.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/are.12949