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Compact urbanization is the main strategy for sustainable urban development. However, it is yet unclear whether compact urban forms are ecologically more favourable than dispersed ones. In this paper, we studied the effects of urban sprawl on the riparian vegetation condition in one of the most degraded watersheds in the Buenos Aires metropolitan area, Argentina. We conducted random sampling of the riparian vegetation at sites along streams in the basin and assessed urban indicators at the reach and sub-watershed scales for each of those sites in a geographic information system: urban area, impervious surface, population density and two landscape metrics of dispersion. The indicators assessed explained a high proportion of the variability of the vegetation response variables, thereby confirming the importance of urban sprawl pressure in shaping riparian communities in fluvial ecosystems. Dispersed urbanization had more positive than negative effects on the vegetation in the study area. Riverbanks associated with dispersed urbanization had more plant species, including exotics, when urban sprawl was assessed at the local scale. At the sub-watershed scale, dispersed urbanized areas were richer in native plants and most of the functional groups, and poorer in exotic species. The model of the compact city, including bio-corridors along watercourses, has been proposed for the Buenos Aires conurbation process for the next decades. Our results showed that the quality of existing river corridors across the compact matrix was not desirable and best practices for redesigning a more sustainable landscape structure are necessary, including the restoration of habitats for wetland species. Copyright © 2017 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. Copyright © 2017 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.


Documento: Artículo
Título:Effects of Urban Sprawl on Riparian Vegetation: Is Compact or Dispersed Urbanization Better for Biodiversity?
Autor:Guida-Johnson, B.; Faggi, A.M.; Zuleta, G.A.
Filiación:Instituto Argentino de Investigaciones de las Zonas Áridas (IADIZA), Universidad Nacional de Cuyo, Gobierno de Mendoza, CONICET, Mendoza, Argentina
Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Cuyo, Mendoza, Argentina
Museo Argentino de Ciencias Naturales “Bernardino Rivadavia” (MACN), CONICET, Ciudad Autónoma de Buenos Aires, Argentina
Facultad de Ingeniería, Universidad de Flores, Ciudad Autónoma de Buenos Aires, Argentina
Departamento de Ecología y Ciencias Ambientales, CEBBAD, Universidad Maimónides, Ciudad Autónoma de Buenos Aires, Argentina
Palabras clave:compact city model; riparian restoration; sustainable cities; urban planning
Página de inicio:959
Página de fin:969


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---------- APA ----------
Guida-Johnson, B., Faggi, A.M. & Zuleta, G.A. (2017) . Effects of Urban Sprawl on Riparian Vegetation: Is Compact or Dispersed Urbanization Better for Biodiversity?, 33(6), 959-969.
---------- CHICAGO ----------
Guida-Johnson, B., Faggi, A.M., Zuleta, G.A. "Effects of Urban Sprawl on Riparian Vegetation: Is Compact or Dispersed Urbanization Better for Biodiversity?" 33, no. 6 (2017) : 959-969.
---------- MLA ----------
Guida-Johnson, B., Faggi, A.M., Zuleta, G.A. "Effects of Urban Sprawl on Riparian Vegetation: Is Compact or Dispersed Urbanization Better for Biodiversity?" , vol. 33, no. 6, 2017, pp. 959-969.
---------- VANCOUVER ----------
Guida-Johnson, B., Faggi, A.M., Zuleta, G.A. Effects of Urban Sprawl on Riparian Vegetation: Is Compact or Dispersed Urbanization Better for Biodiversity?. 2017;33(6):959-969.