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Abstract:

AMIGA (Auger Muons and Infill for the Ground Array) is an upgrade of the Pierre Auger Observatory designed to extend its energy range of detection and to directly measure the muon content of the cosmic ray primary particle showers. The array will be formed by an infill of surface water-Cherenkov detectors associated with buried scintillation counters employed for muon counting. Each counter is composed of three scintillation modules, with a 10 m2 detection area per module. In this paper, a new generation of detectors, replacing the current multi-pixel photomultiplier tube (PMT) with silicon photo sensors (aka. SiPMs), is proposed. The selection of the new device and its front-end electronics is explained. A method to calibrate the counting system that ensures the performance of the detector is detailed. This method has the advantage of being able to be carried out in a remote place such as the one where the detectors are deployed. High efficiency results, i.e. 98 % efficiency for the highest tested overvoltage, combined with a low probability of accidental counting (∼2 %), show a promising performance for this new system. © 2017 IOP Publishing Ltd and Sissa Medialab srl.

Registro:

Documento: Artículo
Título:Muon counting using silicon photomultipliers in the AMIGA detector of the Pierre Auger observatory
Autor:Multitudinario:424
Filiación:Centro Atómico Bariloche and Instituto Balseiro (CNEA-UNCuyo-CONICET), Argentina
Centro de Investigaciones en Láseres y Aplicaciones, CITEDEF, CONICET, Argentina
Departamento de Física, Departamento de Ciencias de la Atmósfera y los Océanos, FCEyN, Universidad de Buenos Aires, Argentina
IFLP, Universidad Nacional de La Plata, CONICET, Argentina
Instituto de Astronomía y Física del Espacio (IAFE, CONICET-UBA), Argentina
Instituto de Física de Rosario (IFIR), CONICET, U.N.R., Facultad de Ciencias Bioquímicas y Farmacéuticas U.N.R., Argentina
Instituto de Tecnologías en Detección y Astropartículas (CNEA, CONICET, UNSAM), Universidad Tecnológica Nacional, Facultad Regional Mendoza (CONICET/CNEA), Argentina
Instituto de Tecnologías en Detección y Astropartículas (CNEA, CONICET, UNSAM), Centro Atómico Constituyentes, Comisión Nacional de Energía Atómica, Argentina
Observatorio Pierre Auger, Argentina
Observatorio Pierre Auger, Comisión Nacional de Energía Atómica, Argentina
Universidad Tecnológica Nacional, Facultad Regional Buenos Aires, Argentina
University of Adelaide, Australia
Centro Brasileiro de Pesquisas Fisicas (CBPF), Brazil
Universidade de São Paulo, Escola de Engenharia de Lorena, Brazil
Universidade de São Paulo, Inst. de Física de São Carlos, São Carlos, Brazil
Universidade de São Paulo, Inst. de Física, São Paulo, Brazil
Universidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP), Brazil
Universidade Estadual de Feira de Santana (UEFS), Brazil
Universidade Federal de Pelotas, Brazil
Universidade Federal do ABC (UFABC), Brazil
Universidade Federal do Paraná, Setor Palotina, Brazil
Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ), Instituto de Física, Brazil
Universidade Federal Fluminense, Brazil
Universidad Industrial de Santander, Colombia
Institute of Physics (FZU), Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Czech Republic
Palacky University, RCPTM, Czech Republic
University Prague, Institute of Particle and Nuclear Physics, Czech Republic
Institut de Physique Nucléaire d'Orsay (IPNO), Université Paris 11, CNRS-IN2P3, France
Laboratoire de Physique Nucléaire et de Hautes Energies (LPNHE), Universités Paris 6 et Paris 7, CNRS-IN2P3, France
Laboratoire de Physique Subatomique et de Cosmologie (LPSC), Université Grenoble-Alpes, CNRS/IN2P3, France
Bergische Universität Wuppertal, Department of Physics, Germany
Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Institut für Experimentelle Kernphysik (IEKP), Germany
Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Institut für Kernphysik (IKP), Germany
Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Institut für Prozessdatenverarbeitung und Elektronik (IPE), Germany
RWTH Aachen University, III. Physikalisches Institut A, Germany
Universität Hamburg, II. Institut für Theoretische Physik, Germany
Universität Siegen, Fachbereich 7 Physik - Experimentelle Teilchenphysik, Germany
INAF - Istituto di Astrofisica Spaziale e Fisica Cosmica di Palermo, Italy
INFN, Laboratori del Gran Sasso, Italy
INFN, Sezione di Catania, Italy
INFN, Sezione di L'Aquila, Italy
INFN, Sezione di Lecce, Italy
INFN, Sezione di Milano, Italy
INFN, Sezione di Napoli, Italy
INFN, Sezione di Roma Tor Vergata, Italy
INFN, Sezione di Torino, Italy
Osservatorio Astrofisico di Torino (INAF), Torino, Italy
Università del Salento, Dipartimento di Ingegneria, Italy
Università del Salento, Dipartimento di Matematica e Fisica E. De Giorgi, Italy
Università dell'Aquila, Dipartimento di Chimica e Fisica, Italy
Università di Catania, Dipartimento di Fisica e Astronomia, Italy
Università di Milano, Dipartimento di Fisica, Italy
Università di Napoli Federico II, Dipartimento di Fisica Ettore Pancini, Italy
Università di Roma Tor Vergata, Dipartimento di Fisica, Italy
Università Torino, Dipartimento di Fisica, Italy
Benemérita Universidad Autónoma de Puebla (BUAP), Mexico
Centro de Investigación y de Estudios Avanzados del IPN (CINVESTAV), Mexico
Unidad Profesional Interdisciplinaria en Ingeniería y Tecnologías Avanzadas del Instituto Politécnico Nacional (UPIITA-IPN), Mexico
Universidad Autónoma de Chiapas, Mexico
Universidad Michoacana de San Nicolás de Hidalgo, Mexico
Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Mexico
Institute for Mathematics, Astrophysics and Particle Physics (IMAPP), Radboud Universiteit, Nijmegen, Netherlands
KVI - Center for Advanced Radiation Technology, University of Groningen, Netherlands
Nationaal Instituut Voor Kernfysica en Hoge Energie Fysica (NIKHEF), Netherlands
Stichting Astronomisch Onderzoek in Nederland (ASTRON), Dwingeloo, Netherlands
Institute of Nuclear Physics PAN, Poland
University of Łódź, Faculty of Astrophysics, Poland
University of Łódź, Faculty of High-Energy Astrophysics, Poland
Laboratório de Instrumentação e Física Experimental de Partículas - LIP, Instituto Superior Técnico - IST, Universidade de Lisboa - UL, Portugal
Horia Hulubei National Institute for Physics and Nuclear Engineering, Romania
Institute of Space Science, Romania
University of Bucharest, Physics Department, Romania
University Politehnica of Bucharest, Romania
Experimental Particle Physics Department, J. Stefan Institute, Slovenia
Laboratory for Astroparticle Physics, University of Nova Gorica, Slovenia
Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Spain
Universidad de Alcalá de Henares, Spain
Universidad de Granada, C.A.F.P.E., Spain
Universidad de Santiago de Compostela, Spain
Case Western Reserve University, United States
Colorado School of Mines, United States
Colorado State University, United States
Department of Physics and Astronomy, Lehman College, City University of New York, United States
Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory, United States
Louisiana State University, United States
Michigan Technological University, United States
New York University, United States
Northeastern University, United States
Ohio State University, United States
Pennsylvania State University, United States
University of Chicago, United States
University of Hawaii, United States
University of Nebraska, United States
University of New Mexico, United States
School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Leeds, Leeds, United Kingdom
Max-Planck-Institut für Radioastronomie, Bonn, Germany
Vrije Universiteit Brussels, Brussels, Belgium
Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron (DESY), Zeuthen, Germany
SUBATECH, École des Mines de Nantes, CNRS-IN2P3, Université de Nantes, France
Palabras clave:Front-end electronics for detector readout; Pattern recognition, cluster finding, calibration and fitting methods; Performance of high energy physics detectors; Photon detectors for UV, visible and IR photons (solid-state) (PIN diodes, APDs, Si-PMTs, G-APDs, CCDs, EBCCDs, EMCCDs etc); Augers; Charged particles; Cosmic rays; Cosmology; High energy physics; Observatories; Pattern recognition; Photomultipliers; Photons; Scintillation; Semiconductor diodes; Surface waters; Detector readout; Fitting method; Front end electronics; High energy physics detector; Pierre Auger observatory; PiN diode; Silicon photomultiplier; Water Cherenkov detectors; Silicon detectors
Año:2017
Volumen:12
Número:3
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/1748-0221/12/03/P03002
ISSN:17480221
Registro:http://digital.bl.fcen.uba.ar/collection/paper/document/paper_17480221_v12_n3_p_Multitudinario

Referencias:

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Citas:

---------- APA ----------
(2017) . Muon counting using silicon photomultipliers in the AMIGA detector of the Pierre Auger observatory, 12(3).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/1748-0221/12/03/P03002
---------- CHICAGO ----------
Multitudinario:424. "Muon counting using silicon photomultipliers in the AMIGA detector of the Pierre Auger observatory" 12, no. 3 (2017).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/1748-0221/12/03/P03002
---------- MLA ----------
Multitudinario:424. "Muon counting using silicon photomultipliers in the AMIGA detector of the Pierre Auger observatory" , vol. 12, no. 3, 2017.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/1748-0221/12/03/P03002
---------- VANCOUVER ----------
Multitudinario:424. Muon counting using silicon photomultipliers in the AMIGA detector of the Pierre Auger observatory. 2017;12(3).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/1748-0221/12/03/P03002