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Abstract:

Urbanization is an expanding process worldwide, and South America seems to follow the general pattern observed in more urbanized regions of the world. Most conceptual models on the response of biodiversity to urbanization, however, are based on the experience in developed economies. In this chapter, we summarize patterns of bird communities found at different spatial and temporal scales in southern South America. Along a 1400-km latitudinal gradient, we found that urbanization (1) obscured the latitudinal pattern of bird species richness, (2) had a stronger negative effect on bird richness in tropical than in temperate or arid regions, and (3) resulted in more similar communities than the seminatural or rural areas, suggesting a process of biotic homogenization. The analysis of urban centers of different sizes indicated that bird richness and abundance were negatively affected by urbanization only in cities above 7000 and 13,000 inhabitants, respectively. In the Pampean region, urbanization affected negatively birds that nest on the ground, with insectivorous and carnivorous diets, feeding on the air and on vegetation and with solitary and migratory behaviors. Urbanization decreased the seasonal and interannual variability of bird species composition. We suggest future directions of research on the influence of latitude on temporal dynamics of bird communities in urban areas, comparison of bird responses to urbanization among biogeographical regions using a mechanistic approach, and including functional and phylogenetic diversity as response variables in the analyses. © Springer International Publishing AG 2017.

Registro:

Documento: Parte de libro
Título:Urbanization and bird communities: Spatial and temporal patterns emerging from southern South America
Autor:Bellocq, M.I.; Leveau, L.M.; Filloy, J.
Filiación:Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales, Departamento de Ecología, Genética y Evolución, Universidad de Buenos Aires, Buenos Aires, Argentina
Palabras clave:Argentina; Biotic homogenization; Community similarity; Neotropics; Species richness
Año:2017
Página de inicio:35
Página de fin:54
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-43314-1_3
Título revista:Ecology and Conservation of Birds in Urban Environments
Título revista abreviado:Ecol. and Conserv. of Birds in Urban Environ.
Registro:http://digital.bl.fcen.uba.ar/collection/paper/document/paper_97833194_v_n_p35_Bellocq

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Citas:

---------- APA ----------
Bellocq, M.I., Leveau, L.M. & Filloy, J. (2017) . Urbanization and bird communities: Spatial and temporal patterns emerging from southern South America. Ecology and Conservation of Birds in Urban Environments, 35-54.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-43314-1_3
---------- CHICAGO ----------
Bellocq, M.I., Leveau, L.M., Filloy, J. "Urbanization and bird communities: Spatial and temporal patterns emerging from southern South America" . Ecology and Conservation of Birds in Urban Environments (2017) : 35-54.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-43314-1_3
---------- MLA ----------
Bellocq, M.I., Leveau, L.M., Filloy, J. "Urbanization and bird communities: Spatial and temporal patterns emerging from southern South America" . Ecology and Conservation of Birds in Urban Environments, 2017, pp. 35-54.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-43314-1_3
---------- VANCOUVER ----------
Bellocq, M.I., Leveau, L.M., Filloy, J. Urbanization and bird communities: Spatial and temporal patterns emerging from southern South America. Ecol. and Conserv. of Birds in Urban Environ. 2017:35-54.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-43314-1_3