Artículo

Estamos trabajando para incorporar este artículo al repositorio
Consulte el artículo en la página del editor
Consulte la política de Acceso Abierto del editor

Abstract:

A growing understanding about the impacts of earthworms (Oligochaeta: Lumbricidae) on ecosystem processes and forest restoration necessitates an examination of their role in Canadian forests where they have become invasive. Little is known about the landscape-scale responses of earthworm populations to different regional characteristics and vegetation types within Canada’s central woodlands. We examined the regional variation of earthworm species richness, biomass, and assemblage composition across a range of four municipal regions (from south to north: Halton, Wellington, York, and Simcoe) and four habitat types (deciduous forest, mixed forest, tree plantation, and meadow) with varying soil characteristics in woodlands of south-central Ontario, Canada. In general, earthworm communities differed by region but not by habitat type. The most southern regions supported the highest earthworm species richness, biomass (i.e., Lumbricus and Octolasion), and density, and this was associated with a south-north gradient in soil characteristics. Assemblage composition differed by region but not by habitat type. The observed south-north gradient suggests an underlying effect of invasion spread associated with human settlement and density. Our results provide baseline information about earthworm communities in south-central Ontario forests and will enable managers to plan for the increasing role of earthworms in Canada’s future forests. © 2017, Canadian Science Publishing. All rights reserved.

Registro:

Documento: Artículo
Título:Exotic earthworm (Oligochaeta: Lumbricidae) assemblages on a landscape scale in central Canadian woodlands: Importance of region and vegetation type
Autor:Choi, A.; Sackett, T.E.; Smith, S.M.; Bellocq, M.I.
Filiación:University of Toronto, Faculty of Forestry, 33 Willcocks Street, Toronto, ON M5S 3B3, Canada
Departamento de Ecología, Genética y Evolución, Facultad Ciencias Exactas y Naturales, Universidad de Buenos Aires, IEGEBA, CONICET, Buenos Aires, Argentina
Palabras clave:Earthworm communities; Functional groups; Invasive species; Land use; Lumbricidae; Conservation; Ecosystems; Functional groups; Land use; Soil surveys; Vegetation; Assemblage composition; Central Ontario forests; Earthworm communities; Invasive species; Lumbricidae; Regional characteristics; Regional variation; Soil characteristics; Forestry; biological invasion; biomass; community response; earthworm; ecosystem function; environmental restoration; forest ecosystem; functional group; habitat type; invasive species; land use; population density; regional pattern; soil property; species richness; vegetation type; woodland; Functional Groups; Land Use; Species Identification; Canada; Ontario [Canada]; Lumbricidae; Lumbricus; Octolasion
Año:2017
Volumen:47
Número:7
Página de inicio:935
Página de fin:945
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1139/cjfr-2016-0337
Título revista:Canadian Journal of Forest Research
Título revista abreviado:Can. J. For. Res.
ISSN:00455067
CODEN:CJFRA
Registro:http://digital.bl.fcen.uba.ar/collection/paper/document/paper_00455067_v47_n7_p935_Choi

Referencias:

  • Addison, J.A., Distribution and impacts of invasive earthworms in Canadian forest ecosystems (2009) Biol. Invasions, 11, pp. 59-79
  • Alban, D.H., Berry, E.C., Effects of earthworm invasion on morphology, carbon, and nitrogen of a forest soil (1994) Appl. Soil Ecol., 1, pp. 243-249
  • Ammer, S., Weber, K., Abs, C., Ammer, C., Prietzel, J., Factors influencing the distribution and abundance of earthworm communities in pure and converted Scots pine stands (2006) Appl. Soil Ecol., 33, pp. 10-21
  • Anderson, M.J., A new method for non-parametric multivariate analysis of variance (2001) Austral Ecol., 26, pp. 32-46
  • Berry, E.C., Jordan, D., Temperature and soil moisture content effects on the growth of Lumbricus terrestris (Oligochaeta: Lumbricidae) under laboratory conditions (2001) Soil Biol. Biochem., 33, pp. 133-136
  • Bohlen, P.J., Groffman, P.M., Fahey, T.J., Fisk, M.C., Suarez, E., Pelletier, D.M., Fahey, R.T., Ecosystem consequences of exotic earthworm invasion of north temperate forests (2004) Ecosystems, 7, pp. 1-12
  • Callaham, M.A., González, G., Hale, C.M., Heneghan, L., Lachnicht, S.L., Zou, X., Policy and management responses to earthworm invasions in North America (2006) Biol. Invasions, 8, pp. 1317-1329
  • Cameron, E.K., Bayne, E.M., Road age and its importance in earthworm invasion of northern boreal forests (2009) J. Appl. Ecol., 46, pp. 28-36
  • Cameron, E.K., Bayne, E.M., Clapperton, M.J., Human-facilitated invasion of exotic earthworms into northern boreal forests (2007) Ecoscience, 14, pp. 482-490
  • Capowiez, Y., Sammartino, S., Michel, E., Burrow systems of endogeic earthworms: Effects of earthworm abundance and consequences for soil water infiltration (2014) Pedobiologia, 57, pp. 303-309
  • Čoja, T., Zehetner, K., Bruckner, A., Watzinger, A., Meyer, E., Efficacy and side effects of five sampling methods for soil earthworms (Annelida, Lumbricidae) (2008) Ecotoxicol. Environ. Saf., 71, pp. 552-565. , PMID:17897715
  • Costello, D.M., Lamberti, G.A., Biological and physical effects of nonnative earthworms on nitrogen cycling in riparian soils (2009) Soil Biol. Biochem., 41, pp. 2230-2235
  • Craven, D., Thakur, M.P., Cameron, E.K., Frelich, L.E., Beauséjour, R., Blair, R.B., Blossey, B., Eisenhauer, N., The unseen invaders: Introduced earthworms as drivers of change in plant communities in North American forests (a meta-analysis) (2017) Global Change Biol., 23 (3), pp. 1065-1074
  • Crumsey, J.M., Le Moine, J.M., Capowiez, Y., Goodsitt, M.M., Larson, S.C., Kling, G.W., Nadelhoffer, K.J., Community-specific impacts of exotic earthworm invasions on soil carbon dynamics in a sandy temperate forest (2013) Ecology, 94, pp. 2827-2837. , PMID:24597228
  • Denholm, K.A., Schut, L., Irvine, D., (1993) Field manual for describing soils in Ontario, , Ontario Centre for Soil Resource Evaluation, Ontario, Canada
  • Ewing, H.A., Tuininga, A.R., Groffman, P.M., Weathers, K.C., Fahey, T.J., Fisk, M.C., Bohlen, P.J., Suarez, E., Earthworms reduce biotic 15-Nitrogen retention in northern hardwood forests (2015) Ecosystems, 18, pp. 328-342
  • Frelich, L.E., Hale, C.M., Scheu, S., Holdsworth, A.R., Heneghan, L., Bohlen, P.J., Reich, P.B., Earthworm invasion into previously earthworm-free temperateandboreal forests (2006) Biol. Invasions, 8, pp. 1235-1245
  • Profile of the Halton Regional Forest (2002) GLL, pp. 21-167. , p. 175
  • Gates, G.E., Farewell to North American megadriles (1982) Megadrilogica, 4, pp. 12-77
  • Gundale, M.J., Jolly, W.M., Deluca, T.H., Susceptibility of a northern hardwood forest to exotic earthworm invasion (2005) Conserv. Biol., 19, pp. 1075-1083
  • Hale, C.M., Frelich, L.E., Reich, P.B., Pastor, J., Effects of European earthworm invasion on soil characteristics in northern hardwood forests of Minnesota, USA (2005) Ecosystems, 8, pp. 911-927
  • Hale, C.M., Frelich, L.E., Reich, P.B., Pastor, J., Exotic earthworm effects on hardwood forest floor, nutrient availability and native plants: A mesocosm study (2008) Oecologia, 155, pp. 509-518. , PMID: 18066602
  • Hendershot, W.H., Lalande, H., Duquette, M., Soil reaction and exchangeable acidity (2008) Soil sampling and methods of analysis, pp. 173-178. , 2nd ed. Edited by M.R. Carter and E.G. Gregorich. CRC Press, Boca Raton, Florida
  • Holdsworth, A.R., Frelich, L.E., Reich, P.B., Regional extent of an ecosystem engineer: Earthworm invasion in northern hardwood forests (2007) Ecol. Appl., 17, pp. 1666-1677. , PMID:17913131
  • Holdsworth, A.R., Frelich, L.E., Reich, P.B., Effects of earthworm invasion on plant species richness in northern hardwood forests (2007) Conserv. Biol., 21, pp. 997-1008. , PMID:17650250
  • Jayasinghe, B.A.T.D., Parkinson, D., Earthworms as the vectors of actinomycetes antagonistic to litter decomposer fungi (2009) Appl. Soil Ecol., 43, pp. 1-10
  • Kroetsch, D., Wang, C., Particle size distribution (2008) Soil sampling and methods of analysis, pp. 713-725. , 2nd ed. Edited by M.R. Carter and E.G. Gregorich. CRC Press, Boca Raton, Florida
  • Lawrence, A.P., Bowers, M.A., A test of the ‘hot’ mustard extraction method of sampling earthworms (2002) Soil Biol. Biochem., 34, pp. 549-552
  • Lee, H.T., Bakowsky, W.D., Riley, J., Bowles, J., Puddister, M., Uhlig, P., McMurray, S., (1998) Ecological land classification for southern Ontario: First approximation and its application, , Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources, South-central Science Section, Science Development and Transfer Branch, SCSS Field Guide FG-02
  • McArdle, B.H., Anderson, M.J., Fitting multivariate models to community data: A comment on distance-based redundancy analysis (2001) Ecology, 82, pp. 290-297
  • McLean, M.A., Parkinson, D., Changes in structure, organic matter and microbial activity in pine forest soil following the introduction of Dendrobaena octaedra (Oligochaeta, Lumbricidae) (1997) Soil Biol. Biochem., 29, pp. 537-540
  • Migge-Kleian, S., McLean, M.A., Maerz, J.C., Heneghan, L., The influence of invasive earthworms on indigenous fauna in ecosystems previously uninhabited by earthworms (2006) Biol. Invasions, 8, pp. 1275-1285
  • Nuutinen, V., Pitkänen, J., Kuusela, E., Widbom, T., Lohilahti, H., Spatial variation of an earthworm community related to soil properties and yield in a grass-clover field (1998) Appl. Soil Ecol., 8, pp. 85-94
  • (2004) Ontario tree marking guide, Version 1.1, , Queen’s Printer for Ontario, Toronto, Ontario
  • Reynolds, J.W., (1977) The earthworms (Lumbricidae and Sparganophilidae) of Ontario, , Royal Ontario Museum, Toronto, Ontario
  • Reynolds, J.W., The distribution of the earthworms (Oligochaeta) of Indiana: A case for the post quaternary introduction theory of megadrile migration in North America (1994) Megadrilogica, 5, pp. 13-32
  • Sackett, T.E., Smith, S.M., Basiliko, N., Exotic earthworm distribution in a mixed-use northern temperate forest region: Influence of disturbance type, development age, and soils (2012) Can. J. For. Res., 42, pp. 375-381
  • Sackett, T.E., Smith, S.M., Basiliko, N., Indirect and direct effects of exotic earthworms on soil nutrient and carbon pools in North American temperate forests (2013) Soil Biol. Biochem., 57, pp. 459-467
  • Smetak, K.M., Johnson-Maynard, J.L., Lloyd, J.E., Earthworm population density and diversity in different-aged urban systems (2007) Appl. Soil Ecol., 37, pp. 161-168
  • Smith, R.G., McSwiney, C.P., Grandy, A.S., Suwanwaree, P., Snider, R.M., Robertson, G.P., Diversity and abundance of earthworms across an agricultural land-use intensity gradient (2008) Soil Tillage Res., 100, pp. 83-88
  • (1998) The Canadian system of soi1 classification, , 3rd ed. Research Branch, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, Publication 1646
  • Canada, S., (2011) Population and dwelling count highlight tables, 2011 census [online], , http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/census-recensement/2011/dp-pd/hlt-fst/pd-pl/Table-Tableau.cfm?LANG=Eng&T=701&S=3, [accessed 9 January 2017]
  • Suárez, E.R., Fahey, T.J., Groffman, P.M., Yavitt, J.B., Bohlen, P.J., Spatial and temporal dynamics of exotic earthworm communities along invasion fronts in a temperate hardwood forest in south-central New York (USA) (2006) Biol. Invasions, 8, pp. 553-564
  • Suárez, E.R., Tierney, G.L., Fahey, T.J., Fahey, R., Exploring patterns of exotic earthworm distribution in a temperate hardwood forest in southcentral New York, USA (2006) Landscape Ecol., 21, pp. 297-306
  • Szlavecz, K., McCormick, M., Xia, L., Saunders, J., Morcol, T., Whigham, D., Filley, T., Csuzdi, C., Ecosystem effects of non-native earthworms in mid-Atlantic deciduous forests (2011) Biol. Invasions, 13, pp. 1165-1182
  • Tiunov, A.V., Hale, C.M., Holdsworth, A.R., Vsevolodova-Perel, T.S., Invasion patterns of Lumbricidae into the previously earthworm-free areas of northeastern Europe and the western Great Lakes region of North America (2006) Biol. Invasions, 8, pp. 1223-1234
  • Zaborski, E.R., Allyl isothiocyanate: An alternative chemical expellant for sampling earthworms (2003) Appl. Soil Ecol., 22, pp. 87-95

Citas:

---------- APA ----------
Choi, A., Sackett, T.E., Smith, S.M. & Bellocq, M.I. (2017) . Exotic earthworm (Oligochaeta: Lumbricidae) assemblages on a landscape scale in central Canadian woodlands: Importance of region and vegetation type. Canadian Journal of Forest Research, 47(7), 935-945.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1139/cjfr-2016-0337
---------- CHICAGO ----------
Choi, A., Sackett, T.E., Smith, S.M., Bellocq, M.I. "Exotic earthworm (Oligochaeta: Lumbricidae) assemblages on a landscape scale in central Canadian woodlands: Importance of region and vegetation type" . Canadian Journal of Forest Research 47, no. 7 (2017) : 935-945.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1139/cjfr-2016-0337
---------- MLA ----------
Choi, A., Sackett, T.E., Smith, S.M., Bellocq, M.I. "Exotic earthworm (Oligochaeta: Lumbricidae) assemblages on a landscape scale in central Canadian woodlands: Importance of region and vegetation type" . Canadian Journal of Forest Research, vol. 47, no. 7, 2017, pp. 935-945.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1139/cjfr-2016-0337
---------- VANCOUVER ----------
Choi, A., Sackett, T.E., Smith, S.M., Bellocq, M.I. Exotic earthworm (Oligochaeta: Lumbricidae) assemblages on a landscape scale in central Canadian woodlands: Importance of region and vegetation type. Can. J. For. Res. 2017;47(7):935-945.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1139/cjfr-2016-0337